353. Liability of charterer to pay freight.

Under a voyage charter, the liability to pay the freight reserved by the charterparty falls in the first instance on the charterer1 and depends on the terms of the charter2. An assignment of the benefit of a charterparty to a third person3 does not defeat the shipowner's right to claim payment from the charterer4 unless assented to by the shipowner as a genuine novation5.

Similarly, the charterer's liability to pay the chartered freight does not depend on his relation to the goods in respect of which it is claimed6. The fact that he shipped them as agent only on behalf