323. Leakage and breakage.

The exception of 'loss or damage by leakage or breakage' covers loss or damage arising from leakage or breakage of the goods which are the subject matter of the contract1, but not loss or damage caused to those goods by the leakage or breakage of other goods carried on board unless expressly so stated2. It does not protect the shipowner where there is negligence on the part of the shipowner or his employees which contributes to the leakage or breakage