175. Intention of the parties; interpretation of words used in charterparty.

Words used in charterparties are to be understood in their plain, ordinary and popular meaning1, unless the context shows that the parties, for the purposes of the contract, intended to place a different meaning on them2, or unless, by the usage of a particular trade, business or port3, they have to such an extent acquired a secondary or technical meaning that that is clearly the meaning intended by the parties4. They should be construed with reference to surrounding circumstances to which they were intended by the parties to apply5, even where this might do some violence to the language6,