325. How far exceptions are mutual.

The question whether the exceptions in a charterparty protect the charterer as well as the shipowner depends on the construction of the charterparty taken as a whole, and a decision on one charterparty will only govern such other charterparties as are in a very similar form1. Exceptions are put into a charterparty prima facie for the benefit of a shipowner alone2, and, in the absence of language clearly indicating an intention that they should apply to the charterer, he cannot rely on them, and he is not excused from performing his part of the contract because his failure to