562. General average expenditure.

Extraordinary expenditure1 incurred by the shipowner for the safety of the adventure may be recovered by him as a general average sacrifice2, but he cannot recover all extraordinary expenses incurred for the purpose of continuing the voyage3.

Thus, the expense of discharging the cargo and placing it into lighters or landing it is a general average expenditure4; but expenses incurred after the removal of the cargo, for example in connection with the refloating of the ship, are incurred to save the ship, and are not, as a general rule, for the preservation of the cargo; they must, therefore, be borne