563. Expenses at port of refuge.

Where the ship puts into a port of refuge, the question whether expenses incurred there are general average expenses or not necessarily depends on the circumstances of each case1. It is not sufficient that the expenses should have been incurred for the common benefit of the ship and cargo2; they must either themselves fall within the definition of a general average sacrifice3, or, if not in themselves a general average sacrifice, be nevertheless caused or rendered necessary by one4. In considering the question it is, therefore, necessary to distinguish certain items, as follows:


    (1)     the cost of repairing the