4. Examples of common carriers.

Whether or not a person is a common carrier is in every case a question of fact1. The question is not determined by the carrier's private intention2, nor by his description of his own business, although it may be inferred from the character of that business that he is a common carrier3.

Persons such as warehousemen, wharfingers and stevedores, who undertake the carriage of goods purely for purposes ancillary to their real businesses, are not common carriers4. Forwarding agents do not ordinarily undertake responsibility for the carriage of goods and cannot normally be characterised as common (or private) carriers5. Where