447. Effect of master's signature to bill of lading.

The shipowner is bound by the master's signature to a bill of lading, provided that the master, in signing the bill of lading, was acting on his behalf1 and did not exceed the authority which the shipper knew or ought to have known that the master possessed2. Where the bill of lading in question is one which the master was expressly authorised to sign, the shipowner's liability is clear