189. Deductions from hire.

Hire must normally be paid without deduction. However, subject to the terms of the charterparty, deductions may be allowed in certain cases.

First, if the shipowner, in breach of contract, deprives the charterer for a time of the use of the vessel, the charterer may deduct a sum equivalent to the hire for the time so lost. However this right to deduct does not extend to other breaches or default of the shipowner, for example damage to cargo arising from the negligence of the crew1 or failure by the owner to keep documentation or logs required by the terms of