166. Charterparty by demise.

A charterparty by demise1, often called a bareboat charter, transfers possession of the vessel to the charterer for a fixed period in exchange for periodic hire2. The crew are the employees of the charterer3, whether supplied by the owner4 or (as nearly always today) by the charterer himself5. It is thus not, strictly speaking, a contract of carriage but rather a contract for the hire of the vessel as a chattel6.

In such a case the charterer is for many purposes almost equivalent to the owner of the ship7. The owner has effectively divested himself of all control over the