509. Carriers' specific immunities; unseaworthiness.

The undertaking of seaworthiness implied at common law is not to be implied in contracts to which the Hague-Visby Rules apply by virtue of the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971, 1the carrier being instead bound at the beginning of the voyage to exercise due diligence to make the ship seaworthy2. This qualified exemption from liability also appears in the provision of the Rules3 under which neither the carrier4 nor the ship5 is liable6 for loss or damage7 arising or resulting from unseaworthiness8 unless the unseaworthiness was caused by want of due diligence on the part of the