The Montreal Convention1 does not apply to carriage by aircraft performed by a person or body which is not an air transport undertaking2. The Convention also does not apply to gratuitous carriage by the Crown where that carriage is of members of Her Majesty's naval, military or air forces undertaken during a time of actual or imminent hostilities or of severe international tension or of great national emergency3. Provision made by Order in Council may disapply the Convention in relation to the carriage of persons, baggage or cargo for the military authorities of the United Kingdom or of any
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Coronavirus (COVID-19): During the current pandemic, legislation and changes to practice and procedure in the courts and tribunals have been introduced, which affect the following:•proceedings for possession•forfeiture of business leases on the grounds of non-payment of rent•a landlord's right to
An ad hoc arbitration is any arbitration in which the parties have not selected an institution to administer the arbitration. This offers parties flexibility as to the conduct of the arbitration, but less external support for the process. It can be quicker than institutional arbitration but not if
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This Precedent letter covers disclosure obligations under CPR 31. It does not apply to proceedings subject to the disclosure pilot scheme under CPR PD 51U. For guidance on the disclosure pilot scheme, see Practice Note: Business and Property Courts—the disclosure pilot scheme. For a client letter on
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