607. Carriage partly by sea, rail, inland waterways or air ('multimodal carriage').

International road carriage from or to England or Wales is necessarily multimodal. As a general principle, where the international road carriage is partly by sea, rail, inland waterway or air, the provisions of the CMR Convention1 apply to the whole of the carriage, provided that the goods are not unloaded from the vehicle2.

However, there is an exception to this general principle. In so far as any loss, damage or delay in delivery of the goods occurs during the carriage by the other means of transport3 and is caused not by an act or omission of the carrier by road4