307. Basis of liability.

(H)     Shipowner's Liability for Loss or Damage to Cargo

307.     Basis of liability.

In theory, if goods are shipped in a general ship1 without any express contract being made or under a contract to which the Hague-Visby Rules2 do not apply, and which does not contain any terms relieving the shipowner from liability for loss of or damage to the goods3, the shipowner carries them at his own absolute risk, the act of God4 or of the Queen's enemies5 or the inherent defect of the goods themselves6 or the shipper's