489. Application of the Hague-Visby Rules.

The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971 gives effect to the Hague-Visby Rules, which have the force of law1. They apply to every bill of lading relating to the carriage of goods2 between ports in two different states if the bill of lading is issued in a contracting state3, or the carriage is from a port in a contracting state, or the contract contained in or evidenced by the bill of lading provides that the rules or legislation of any state giving effect to them are to govern the contract, whatever may be the nationality of the ship,