Except with the consent1 of the local authority2 an entrance to a court or yard on which two or more houses3 front or abut must not be closed, narrowed, reduced in height or otherwise altered so as to impede the free circulation of air through the entrance4, and no permanent structure may be erected so as to impede the free circulation of air through such an entrance5. A local authority in giving such a consent may impose such conditions as it thinks fit with respect to the provision of other openings or means of access, or other means for
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Definition of automatismAn act is done in a state of automatism if it is done by the body without control by the mind, (eg it is a spasm or a reflex), or if it is done by a person who is not conscious of what they are doing. The act may be described as involuntary, but will not be regarded as such
The right to notice means a right for the employee to remain in employment for the period of notice, not simply to be paid for it. An employer will therefore often include in the contract an express right to make a payment in lieu of notice ('PILON') as an alternative to giving notice, to ensure
Criminal offences are generally divided into two categories: •conduct crimes, and •result crimesA conduct crime is a crime where only the forbidden conduct needs to be proved. For example, an accused is guilty of dangerous driving if they drove a motor vehicle dangerously on a road or other public
This Practice Note provides guidance on claims for ‘use and occupation’ or mesne profits, and how and when double rent or double value can be claimed.Claims for use and occupationA claim for use and occupation is possible where there is occupation of land without an express agreement fixing the
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