230. The Crown and government departments.

230.     The Crown and government departments.

The Crown is bound by a contract made by a proper agent acting within the scope of his authority but not otherwise. A Crown agent who enters into a contract beyond the scope of his authority is not liable for breach of warranty of authority1. Actions against the Crown are instituted against the appropriate government department2. Contracts entered into by government departments are subject to control under European Union law unless exempted from it3.