295. Nature and extent of product liability.

Product liability is strict in that fault on the part of the defendant is not a necessary element of liability, and the claimant has only to prove supply or production of the product by the defendant, a defect, actionable damage, and causation. However, the Consumer Protection Act 1987 provides six specific defences to liability1.

A defect exists in a product for the purposes of product liability if the safety of the product is not such as persons are entitled to expect. 'Safety' for these purposes includes safety with respect to property and with respect to other products comprised in that