450. Liability of employer to suppliers and sub-contractors.

In general, an architect has no implied authority1 to contract on behalf of the employer. In the absence of express authority any such purported contract is not binding upon the employer unless he with full knowledge of the facts ratifies the architect's actions2.

However, the question of the liability of the building owner to builders' merchants employed to carry out work contemplated by provisional sums3 has in the past occasioned litigation. This arose generally from three causes: (1) because the builders' merchant declined to take orders from the builder or preferred to take them from the architect, and the architect,