413. Nationality and the European Convention on Human Rights.

The European Convention on Human Rights1 itself contains no right to a nationality2 and no rights or freedoms based on nationality, but the Fourth Protocol3 guarantees certain nationality-based rights approximating to the United Kingdom concept of the right of abode4. The Fourth Protocol has been signed but not ratified by the United Kingdom. However, it is possible for the provisions of the Convention that have been ratified to protect individuals in circumstances that are associated with the Fourth Protocol