406. British citizens, British overseas territories citizens, British overseas citizens and British national (overseas) status.

From 1 January 1949 to 31 December 19821, United Kingdom nationality law provided for a single citizenship2, namely citizenship of the United Kingdom and colonies3. From 1 January 19734, holders of this single citizenship were distinguished according to whether or not they had 'the right of abode in the United Kingdom'5, a separate status provided by immigration law6.

The British Nationality Act 1981, which came into force on 1 January 19837, abolished this single citizenship and replaced it with three new citizenships: (1) British citizenship8; (2) British overseas territories citizenship9; (3) British overseas citizenship