The holders of other types of British nationality1 may be able to acquire British citizenship by registration. Thus a British overseas territories citizen2, a British overseas citizen3, a British national (overseas)4, a British subject5 or a British protected person6, is entitled7, on application8, to be registered as a British citizen if he satisfies each of the following four requirements9: (1) he was in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the period of five years ending with the date of application and was not absent during that period for more than 450 days10; (2) in the 12 months preceding
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The principle of transferred maliceIf a person has a malicious intent towards X and, in carrying out that intent, injures Y, he is guilty of an offence. So, if D shoots at A with intent to kill him but kills B by mistake it is murder; the mistake as to the identity of the victim is irrelevant as D
Involuntary manslaughter—introductionManslaughter can be classified as either voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element—hence the label voluntary manslaughter) but which are reduced to
Express and implied contractual terms distinguishedContractual terms may be either express or implied:•express terms—are terms which are actually recorded in a written contract or openly expressed in an oral contract at the time the contract is made (or there may be a combination of written and oral
This Practice Note considers the different categories of contractual damages that may be available for financial loss (pecuniary loss), ie expectation-based damages, reliance-based damages and gains-based damages.For guidance on contractual damages generally, see Practice Note: Contractual
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