181. Abuse of process.

A bankruptcy petition may be dismissed where its presentation is an abuse of the process of the court.

Where a petition is founded on a debt to which the petitioner is not properly entitled, it may be dismissed as an abuse of process1. This includes the situation where the presentation of a petition amounts to an attempt by the petitioner, through the commencement of bankruptcy proceedings, to obtain the payment of money or other advantages to which he is not properly entitled2. Such conduct on the part of the creditor is sometimes termed 'extortion'3.

Where a petition debt is genuinely disputed