231. Liability of bailee and bailor to third persons.

231.     Liability of bailee and bailor to third persons.

At common law, the bailee alone is responsible to third parties for any injury which they may sustain by reason of his negligence or other wrongful act in the control or management of the chattel, for he is not the agent of the bailor in this connection1.

On the other hand, if the owner of a chattel, though he places it at the disposal of someone else, retains control over it by himself or his employees, so that there is no bailment, he remains responsible to third parties for