The legal concept of bailment as creating a relationship which gives rise to legal duties owed on each side is derived from Roman law1. In a seminal eighteenth century case that has profoundly influenced later thinking, bailment was divided into six classes2, which were later rearranged into five3, as follows:
(1) the gratuitous deposit4 of a chattel with the bailee, who is simply to keep it for the bailor;
(2) the delivery5 of a chattel to the bailee, who is to do something without reward for the bailee to or with the chattel;
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