106. Classification.

106.     Classification.

The legal concept of bailment as creating a relationship which gives rise to legal duties owed on each side is derived from Roman law1. In a seminal eighteenth century case that has profoundly influenced later thinking, bailment was divided into six classes2, which were later rearranged into five3, as follows:


    (1)     the gratuitous deposit4 of a chattel with the bailee, who is simply to keep it for the bailor;


    (2)     the delivery5 of a chattel to the bailee, who is to do something without reward for the bailee to or with the chattel;


    (3)     the