An operating licence1 does not confer in itself any rights of access to specific routes or markets2. However an air carrier undertaking with a valid operating licence granted by EU member states ('Community air carriers')3is entitled to operate air services in the EU ('intra-Community air services')4.
Member states must not subject the operation of intra-Community air services by a Community air carrier to any permit or authorisation5 and are permitted6 to exercise traffic rights between two EU airports
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When is quantum meruit and quantum valebat relevant?Claims in quantum meruit (value of services) and quantum valebat (value of goods) arise in diverse situations ranging from where contractual terms are silent on issues of payment to where there is no contract at all (Serck v Drake & Scull).General
When defendants are guilty, they have a choice to plead guilty or to put the prosecution to proof. When they plead guilty they may benefit from a reduction in their sentence as a result, see Practice Note: Credit for guilty plea. However, the Sentencing Council's overarching guidelines on reduction
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