1139. Repairer's liability to third parties.

1139.     Repairer's liability to third parties.

If repairs to an aircraft are negligently carried out, the repairer may be directly liable in damages to third parties who are injured by reason of such negligence1.

If the aircraft or any part of the aircraft or such of its equipment as is necessary for the airworthiness of the aircraft has been overhauled, repaired, replaced, modified or maintained, or has been inspected2, a certificate of release to service3 must be in force before the aircraft is flown4. This does not, however, necessarily enable a negligent