Any contravention of any of the statutory provisions concerning emissions certification1 is an offence punishable by a fine2. Any such contravention in relation to an aeroplane is deemed to be the responsibility of the operator of that aeroplane and its commander unless he proves that the contravention occurred without his consent or connivance and that he exercised all due diligence to prevent it3. If it is proved that an act or omission of any person which would otherwise have been a contravention by that person was due to any cause not avoidable by the exercise of reasonable care by
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Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
Part 8 of the Corporation Tax Act 2009 (CTA 2009) is a specific corporation tax regime that applies exclusively to the gains and losses of intangible fixed assets. Note, however, that certain intangible fixed assets are excluded from the regime, see Practice Note: Excluded intangible fixed
The principles of the notarial act are that it is:•an act of the notary and not of the parties named in the document•a record of a fact, event or transaction•in the form of a document, notwithstanding the form of the underlying document, fact, event or transactionThe purpose of the notarial act is
BREXIT: As of 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State, but has entered an implementation period during which it continues to be treated by the EU as a Member State for many purposes. As a third country, the UK can no longer participate in the EU’s political institutions, agencies,
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