724. Joint Aviation Authorities and European Aviation Safety Agency.

A body called the Joint Aviation Authorities ('JAA') was established in 1990 as an associated body of the European Civil Aviation Conference ('ECAC')1 to oversee the development, acceptance and implementation of joint aviation requirements ('JAR')2. The secretariat is based in the Netherlands. A group of staff seconded by national aviation authorities on a full-time basis is known as Central JAA.

The European Aviation Safety Agency ('EASA') was established in 2002 and became operational in 2003 as the centrepiece of the European Union's strategy for aviation safety3. It is based in Cologne and deals with airworthiness and environmental certification4, issues rules