A large part of air law is criminal law, as a large proportion of it consists of regulations governing the use of aircraft, the breach of which is an offence. These include many provisions of the Air Navigation Order 20161, which has a degree of extra-territorial application2 and which contains a table of penalties applying in the case of contravention of particular provisions3.
If any provision of the Air Navigation Order 2016 or of any regulation made under it or an EASA Regulation4 or EU-OPS5 is contravened in relation to an aircraft, the operator6 and the pilot in command7 of
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