485. The duty to give reasons and explain sentences passed.

485.     The duty to give reasons and explain sentences passed.

Any court or officer1 passing sentence2 on an offender for a service offence3 must state in open court4, in ordinary language and in general terms, its (or his) reasons for deciding on the sentence passed5, and must explain to the offender in ordinary language:

  1.  

    (1)     the effect of the sentence;

  2.  

    (2)     where the offender is required to comply with any order forming part of the sentence, the effects of non-compliance with the order;

  3.  

    (3)     any power, on the application of the offender or any other person, to