506. In general.

Civilians who may find themselves within the jurisdiction of the service justice system and therefore liable to be tried and, if convicted, punished by the Court Martial or the Service Civilian Court1 fall into two categories:

  1.  

    (1)     civilians subject to service discipline or persons formerly so subject2; and

  2.  

    (2)     those who, whilst not being in that first category, who are not subject to service law and may be referred to as ex-service personnel3.

The Court Martial and the Service Civilian Court have similar powers of punishment with regard to both categories of offender as are available in the case of