A court or officer fixing a fine to be imposed on an offender in respect of a service offence1 must, before fixing the amount of the fine, inquire into the offender's financial circumstances2. The amount of any fine in respect of a service offence must be such as, in the opinion of the court or officer, reflects the seriousness of the offence3 and a court or officer must take into account the circumstances of the case including, among other things, the offender's financial circumstances so far as they are known, or appear, to the court or officer4. Where the
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This Practice Note considers the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements pursuant to the law of England and Wales, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and includes some comparative examples from other
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