208. Authority for, and composition of, the army.

208.     Authority for, and composition of, the army.

The maintenance of a standing army1 within the realm in times of peace without the consent of Parliament was declared to be illegal by the Bill of Rights2. Since that time a standing army has continued to be maintained only by virtue of the renewal of parliamentary sanction from year to year3.

The army consists of the regular forces4 at home and abroad, and the reserve land forces5, which include the Regular Reserve and the Army Reserve6.

Orders and regulations may