116. War crimes committed between 1 September 1939 and 5 June 1945.

In respect of alleged war crimes committed before the Geneva Conventions Act 1957 came into force, there was no legislation enabling a person to be tried within the United Kingdom, until the passing of the War Crimes Act 19911. The War Crimes Act 1991 enables proceedings to be brought in the United Kingdom against a person for murder, manslaughter or culpable homicide, irrespective of his nationality at the time of the alleged offence, provided that the offence: (1) was committed during the period beginning with 1 September 1939 and ending with 5 June 1945 in a place which at