53. Variation of rights.

53.     Variation of rights.

The parties to the Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War1 may conclude special agreements on particular matters, but they must not adversely affect the situation of protected persons2, medical personnel or chaplains, nor restrict the rights conferred on them by the convention3. Protected persons may in no circumstances renounce in part or in whole the rights secured to them under the convention or under any such special agreements that have been made4.