1. Use of force by states.

1.     Legality and the Use of Force

1.     Use of force by states.

International agreements in the aftermath of the First World War attempted to impose limitations on the use of force by states1. The Covenant of the League of Nations2 contained restrictions upon the right of states to use force, and by the Kellogg-Briand Pact3 the state parties condemned recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounced it as an instrument of national policy in their relations with each other4. Under the Charter of the United Nations, member states must refrain in their