58. Trial and punishment of offenders.

The Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War1 regulates the trial and punishment of offenders by the courts of the occupying power. It includes the restriction of the right of an occupying power to try offences committed before the occupation, with the exception of breaches of the laws and customs of war2. No sentence may be passed except after a regular trial3. Also regulated are the right to present evidence4, to appeal5 and, if condemned to death, to petition for pardon or reprieve