60. The structure of the Conventions.

At the Hague Conference in 1899, declarations prohibiting the use of asphyxiating gases1 and expanding bullets2 were signed, and at a further Hague conference in 1907 conventions were signed relating to:

  1.  

    (1)     the peaceful settlement of international disputes3;

  2.  

    (2)     the limitation of the use of force to recover contract debts4;

  3.  

    (3)     the opening of hostilities5;

  4.  

    (4)     the laws and customs of war on land6;

  5.  

    (5)     the rights and duties of neutral powers and persons in war on land7;

  6.  

    (6)     the status of enemy merchant ships at the outbreak of hostilities