At the Hague Conference in 1899, declarations prohibiting the use of asphyxiating gases1 and expanding bullets2 were signed, and at a further Hague conference in 1907 conventions were signed relating to:
(1) the peaceful settlement of international disputes3;
(2) the limitation of the use of force to recover contract debts4;
(3) the opening of hostilities5;
(4) the laws and customs of war on land6;
(5) the rights and duties of neutral powers and persons in war on land7;
(6) the status of enemy merchant ships at the outbreak of hostilities
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