16. The laws of war.

The laws of war1 are the rules which govern the conduct of war or other armed conflict and are not dependent upon a state of war having come into existence2. They are binding not only upon states, but also upon individuals, and in particular upon members of armed forces3. The laws of war, as part of international law, consist partly of written rules expressly agreed upon by states in international agreements and partly of customary rules which have been evolved by practice