49. Protection of the civilian population against the effects of hostilities.

In addition to the provisions concerning humanitarian protection contained in the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War1 and in other international agreements binding on the high contracting parties, and other rules of international law, Protocol I2 provides for the general protection of the civilian population3 against the effects of hostilities4. In order to ensure respect for, and protection of, the civilian population and civilian objects, the parties to the conflict must at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants5 and between civilian objects and military objectives6; and are to direct