57. Penal laws.

The ordinary penal laws and tribunals of the occupied territory remain in force except where they constitute a threat to the occupying power's security or an obstacle to the application of the Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War1. The occupying power may subject the population to new provisions essential for it to carry out its obligations under the convention, to maintain orderly government in the territory, and to ensure the security of the occupying forces and the administration2. No penal law enacted by the occupying power comes into force until it is published