156. Occupation of territory.

The temporary occupation of a friendly country by an enemy force does not automatically convert the territory, according to English law, into hostile territory, and a merchant residing in such a country does not necessarily become an alien enemy1. It is only when the occupation amounts to subjugation, and the territory is held under the enemy's dominion and effective control for a period sufficient to give the occupation a settled and relatively permanent character, that the territory acquires the character of enemy territory

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