114. Genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes under international law.

International law recognises universal jurisdiction in respect of war crimes, which include violations of the laws or customs of war, genocide and crimes against humanity1. This gives all states the right to try alleged war criminals, on the basis of jurisdiction over specific crimes granted by their national law, irrespective of where the offence was committed or the nationality of the perpetrators and victims.

As an alternative to the trial of alleged war criminals by a state, the international community may establish an international court or tribunal for the trial of such persons. This may be established by treaty2 or