19. Application of the conventions and Protocols.

The contracting states must respect and ensure respect for the Geneva Red Cross Conventions and Protocol I in all circumstances1. The conventions apply in all cases of declared war or other armed conflict2, even if a state of war is not recognised by one3 state4. The conventions also apply to all cases of partial or total occupation of the territory of a contracting state, even if there is no armed resistance, and some provisions apply in peacetime5. In addition, Protocol I6 applies to armed conflicts in which peoples are fighting against colonial domination and alien occupation and against racist