9. Qualified property per industriam.

A qualified property in living animals ferae naturae obtained per industriam arises by lawfully taking, taming, or reclaiming them1. Animals ferae naturae become the property of any person who takes, tames, or reclaims them, until they regain their natural liberty2. Animals such as deer, swans, and doves are the subjects of this qualified property, which is lost if they regain their natural liberty, and have not the intention to return3.

Thus a claim for trespass or conversion will lie for taking a captive thrush, singing bird, muskrat, parrot or ape, because, although they are ferae naturae, they have been held