47. Necessity for knowledge.

47.     Necessity for knowledge.

Where damage1 is caused by an animal which does not belong to a dangerous species2 its keeper3 is strictly liable for the damage, subject to certain exceptions4, if:


    (1)     the damage is of a kind which the animal, unless restrained, was likely to cause or which, if caused by the animal, was likely to be severe5; and


    (2)     such likelihood was due to characteristics of the animal not normally found in animals of the same species6 or, if so found, only at particular times or in particular circumstances7; and


    (3)     those characteristics were