133. Intention and cruelty.

Except for the offence of administering poison1 and certain offences relating to animal fights2, the Animal Welfare Act 2006 does not expressly refer to wilfulness or intention in the mind of the offender, and the offences which it creates consist in the doing of forbidden acts or causing3 or permitting4 them to be done with the qualification, in the case of causing suffering, that the suffering is unnecessary5. Thus, in general, an intention to commit cruelty need not be proved6. On the other hand, if the charge is of causing or permitting an act to be done, guilty knowledge