135. Causing unnecessary suffering.

A person commits an offence if:

(1)     an act of his, or a failure of his to act, causes an animal1 to suffer2;

(2)     he knew, or ought reasonably to have known, that the act, or failure to act, would have that effect or be likely to do so;

(3)     the animal is a protected animal3; and

(4)     the suffering is unnecessary4.

A person commits an offence if:

  1.  

    (a)     he is responsible for an animal5;

  2.  

    (b)     an act, or failure to act, of another person causes the animal to suffer;

  3.  

    (c)     he permitted that to happen or failed to take such steps (whether by

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