After consultation with the United Kingdom Research and Innovation the appropriate authority1 may authorise in writing any person to enter upon any land2 for the purpose of:
(1) obtaining information relating to seals for the purpose of any of the functions of that authority or of the Marine Management Organisation under the Conservation of Seals Act 19703; or(2) killing or taking seals for the purpose of preventing damage to fisheries by seals4.
(1) obtaining information relating to seals for the purpose of any of the functions of that authority or of the Marine Management Organisation under the Conservation of Seals Act 19703; or
(2) killing or taking seals for the purpose of preventing damage to fisheries by seals4.
Any such authorisation must specify the land to be entered upon5, the period during which the power of entry upon the land may be exercised6, the purpose of the
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Having established that a duty of care exists (see Practice Note: Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?), it is then necessary to consider whether or not there has been a breach of that duty. This will depend on a number of factors outlined below and considered against the general background of
LiabilityFalse imprisonment consists of the complete deprivation of liberty without a lawful basis. Claims will in practice be made against a public body that exercises detention powers, usually a local police force, the Secretary of State for the Home Department or the Secretary of State for
Tipping off and prejudicing an investigationIt would undermine the benefit to the authorities if, a suspicious activity report (SAR) having been made, the alleged offender were to be made aware of the interest in their activities so that they could take steps to cover up their misdeeds or disappear.
Criminal offences are generally divided into two categories: •conduct crimes, and •result crimesA conduct crime is a crime where only the forbidden conduct needs to be proved. For example, an accused is guilty of dangerous driving if they drove a motor vehicle dangerously on a road or other public
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